Aims of English in the National Curriculum
The overarching aim for English in the National Curriculum is to promote high standards of literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the written and spoken word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. The National Curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils:
At Westbourne, we teach children to read using a phonic approach (using the Jolly Phonics Scheme). This way, children learn the sounds which make up the English language and relate them to their written forms. Children can then 'sound out' words by reading them in sequence before blending them into words. This system is supported using phonic-based fiction and non-fiction reading books. Through the infants and into the juniors, we use the Oxford Reading Tree Scheme to develop their reading skills. These books are sequenced according to difficulty and introduce high frequency words as well as building on the phonic patterns with which children are becoming increasingly confident. As the children progress still further, they become 'free readers', meaning they can select their own reading material from either classroom book corners or from their own/local library collection. Our ultimate aim is for all children to enjoy reading and to derive pleasure from engaging with a wide variety of books and texts.
At Westbourne, we follow the Collins handwriting scheme. All children are expected to have developed a fluid, joined script by the end of Year 2. Children have many opportunities to write from Nursery onwards. Initially the focus is on using the correct pencil grip before moving onto correct letter formation and application of phonic sounds to writing. As children progress through the school, they are taught to write in many different styles across a wide range of genres, both fiction and non-fiction. Examples include: instructions, explanations, reports, recounts, adventure stories, myths, fables and poems. Children are expected to write in a grammatically correct fashion, with accurate spelling and appropriate punctuation. These skills are taught discretely and applied within the relevant genres.
By the end of Year 3, most children will be able to write in the following genres:
Fiction: Stories with familiar settings, poems, traditional stories, adventure stories.
Non-fiction: Instructions, non-chronological reports, recounts, explanations, letters.
By the end of Year 6, most children will be able to write in the following genres:
Fiction: Stories with familiar settings, traditional stories, adventure stories, historical stories, playscripts, myths, legends and fables, mystery stories, sci-fi stories.
Non-fiction: instructions, non-chronological reports, recounts, explanations, letters, persuasive writing, discussion texts, autobiography and biography, journalistic writing, formal writing.
VCOP: At Westbourne, we use VCOP to ensure writing is of the highest calibre.
V: Vocabulary C: Connectives O: Openers P: Punctuation
The aim is for every Westbourne child to leave school with the ability to write in an articulate and creative fashion.